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Title:Peran Paradigma dalam Revolusi Sains
Format Type:Ebook
Author:
Publisher:PT Remaja Rosdakarya
ISBN:9795142186
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:205
Category:Non fiction, History, Philosophy, Sociology, Science

Peran Paradigma dalam Revolusi Sains by Thomas S. Kuhn

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Peran Paradigma dalam Revolusi Sains The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is a landmark in intellectual history which has attracted attention far beyond its own immediate field It s written with a combination of depth amp clarity that make it an almost unbroken series of aphorisms Its author Th S Kuhn wastes little time on demolishing the logical empiricist view of science as an objective progression toward the truth Instead he erects from ground up a structure in which science is seen to be heavily influenced by nonrational procedures amp in which new theories are viewed as being more complex than those they usurp but not as standing any closer to the truth Science isn t the steady cumulative acquisition of knowledge that is portrayed in the textbooks Rather it s a series of peaceful interludes punctuated by intellectually violent revolutions in each of which one conceptual world view is replaced by another Preface Introduction A role for history The route to normal science The nature of normal science Normal science as puzzle solving The priority of paradigms Anomaly amp the emergence of scientific discoveries Crisis amp the emergence of scientific theories The response to crisis The nature amp necessity of scientific revolutions Revolutions as changes of world view The invisibility of revolutions The resolution of revolutions Progress through revolutions Postscript

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Sources for History of Quantum Physics, The Copernican Revolution: Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought, The Trouble with the Historical Philosophy of Science (Robert & Maurine Rothschild Distinguished Lecture), Black-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, 1894-1912, The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change, The Road since Structure: Philosophical Essays, 1970-1993, with an Autobiographical Interview, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Black-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, the Copernican Revolution, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Dogma contro critica: Mondi possibili nella storia della scienza, Qu son las revoluciones cientficas? y otros ensayos
Il testo di Thomas Kuhn fisico storico e filosofo della scienza segue le tappe pi importanti dell evoluzione di un pensiero che si imposto come uno dei pi rilevanti nel dibattito epistemologico del Secondo Kuhn da Copernico a Darwin da Newton ad Einstein il dogma pi che lo spirito critico sembra reggere il mondo della ricerca Senza l attaccamento tenace alle idee predilette senza una sorta di culto della personalit dei grandi maestri non sarebbe nata neanche la scienza di oggi quella dei grandi laboratori dei telescopi orbitanti o degli sconvolgenti prodotti delle biotecnologie, This is nonfiction commentary Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publisher s book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge Chapters The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Black Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity the Copernican Revolution Source Wikipedia Free updates online Not illustrated Excerpt The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas Kuhn is an analysis of the history of science Its publication was a landmark event in the sociology of scientific knowledge and popularized the terms paradigm and paradigm shift The work was first published as a monograph in the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science then as a book by University of Chicago Press in All page numbers below refer to the third edition of the text published in In Kuhn added a postscript to the book in which he replied to critical responses to the first edition of the book Kuhn dated the genesis of his book to when he was a graduate student at Harvard University and had been asked to teach a science class for humanities undergraduates with a focus on historical case studies Kuhn later commented that until then I d never read an old document in science Aristotle s Physics was astonishingly unlike Isaac Newton s work in its concepts of matter and motion Kuhn concluded that Aristotle s concepts were not bad Newton just different Kuhn s approach to the history and philosophy of science has been described as focusing on conceptual issues what sorts of ideas were thinkable at a particular time What sorts of intellectual options and strategies were available to people during a given period What types of lexicons and terminology were known and employed during certain epochs Stressing the importance of not attributing modern modes of thought to historical actors Kuhn s book argues that the evolution of scientific theory does not emerge from More http a target blank href http booksllc net id rel nofollow booksllc net id a, p Ya han pasado m s de treinta a os desde la publicaci n de i La estructura de las revoluciones cient ficas i de T S Kuhn Fue y sigue siendo una obra fundamental para la historiograf a de la ciencia Pero adem s fue la que caus mayor impacto en la filosof a de la ciencia vigente entonces Desde hasta hoy Kuhn ha conseguido mantener el inter s de sus cr ticos y de sus renovados enfoques Lo cual pone de manifiesto dos cosas La primera es la centralidad de las cuestiones que propone incluso para sus oponentes y cualquiera que sea la perspectiva que stos usen La segunda que supuestos esenciales que al margen de otros personales subyac an al rechazo de Popper en a la propuesta de Kuhn respecto al tipo de investigaci n a desarrollar siguen condicionando el di logo en la filosof a de la ciencia A lo largo de esta dilatada pol mica Kuhn parece haber ido transformando lo que se presentaba como problemas distintos en distintos aspectos de una mismo problema Mientras que previamente nos hablaba de proyectos de sociolog a de un progresivo desplazamiento hacia cuestiones centradas en el lenguaje Los art culos que aqu presentamos constituyen una muestra de ello y el estadio m s reciente de su evoluci n La introducci n ha corrido a cargo de Antonio Beltr n profesor titular de Historia de la Ciencia en la Universidad de Barcelona p, For scientist and layman alike this book provides vivid evidence that the Copernican Revolution has by no means lost its significance today Few episodes in the development of scientific theory show so clearly how the solution to a highly technical problem can alter our basic thought processes and attitudes Understanding the processes which underlay the Revolution gives us a perspective in this scientific age from which to evaluate our own beliefs more intelligently With a constant keen awareness of the inseparable mixture of its technical philosophical and humanistic elements b Thomas S Kuhn b displays the full scope of the Copernican Revolution as simultaneously an episode in the internal development of astronomy a critical turning point in the evolution of scientific thought and a crisis in Western man s concept of his relation to the universe and to God The book begins with a description of the first scientific cosmology developed by the Greeks Mr Kuhn thus prepares the way for a continuing analysis of the relation between theory and observation and belief He describes the many functions astronomical scientific and nonscientific of the Greek concept of the universe concentrating especially on the religious implications He then treats the intellectual social and economic developments which nurtured Copernicus break with traditional astronomy Although many of these developments including scholastic criticism of Aristotle s theory of motion and the Renaissance revival of Neoplatonism lie entirely outside of astronomy they increased the flexibility of the astronomer s imagination That new flexibility is apparent in the work of Copernicus whose i De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium i i On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres i is discussed in detail both for its own significance and as a representative scientific innovation With a final analysis of Copernicus life work its reception and its contribution to a new scientific concept of the universe Mr Kuhn illuminates both the researches that finally made the heliocentric arrangement work and the achievements in physics and metaphysics that made the planetary earth an integral part of Newtonian science These are the developments that once again provided man with a coherent and self consistent conception of the universe and of his own place in it This is a book for any reader interested in the evolution of ideas and in particular in the curious interplay of hypothesis and experiment which is the essence of modern science Says James Bryant Conant in his Foreword Professor Kuhn s handling of the subject merits attention for he points the way to the road which must be followed if science is to be assimilated into the culture of our times